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The ancient origins of Seravezza

Tyrrhenian At the foot of the buttress of the Alps, at the confluence of the rivers over Serra and Vezza, where comes the Versilia, the river that gave its name to the surrounding area from the mountains the plain, and the latter restricted between Cinquale Motrone stands Seravezza, already known, in 952, as the room Vetitia . With the name instead of
Salavecchia was mentioned by Ptolemy in his annals of the Lucchese 1142, when nobles and Corvaia Vallecchia, Greyhound and Uguccione invested in the town of Lucca half of the territory of Corvaia. In a document dated 2.2.1186, John Torgioni Tozzetti Seravetitia recalls a villa, a name that is also found in a document of 1375 on the sale of an ironworks existing there for the nobler proprieà Versilia Nicholas of the witch, to Ulderico Anteminelli from Lucca.
settlements of peoples coming from Genoa in the plains of Seravezza and surrounding (Pietrasanta), just to get a glimpse of the past in search of our roots date back to 177 BC as was proved by the discovery, in the locality Baccatoio, an ancient cemetery graves with cremation box, typical of the Ligurian that time, the cemetery was discovered in the stretch of land on which he had to pass Rome Turin rail network, which was built after the unification of Italy (1861).

Contrary to what I, as a boy I had thought, it does not seem that the name derives from the rivers Seravezza Serra and Vezza, as the same until the year 1800, were known as streams, respectively, and Riomagno of Ruosina. With regard to this finding can be deduced that the rivers are just above the Versilia to come from the name of Seravezza.

was a fief of the lords of the thirteenth century and Corvaia Vallecchia by Emperor Frederick II, Seravezza, when it was demolished the feudal power, he was united to the Vicar of Pietrasanta. Sacked and devastated in 1429 by the militia Florentine war with Lucca, headed by Commissioner John Astorre, the same back from Sarzana (Niccolo Machiavelli said in his History of Florence) where he broke in Seravezza rang a bell in front of the church to which he gathered the people, convinced of receiving some good news. Instead, all present were encouraged to enter nellla God's house, where women were separated from the men who were locked in the sacristy. After this separation of females of any age, married or virgins, were all violentate.Con clothes torn to shreds, or almost naked, they returned to their homes. John also spoke of Astorre Jbernard Sancholle Henraux that men's behavior on the hair this commissioner Florence, wrote that: "... he passed the sword" men of Seravezza. In 1450, following the fortunes of Pietrasanta, passed to the Genoese in 1484 in Florence, in 1486 King Charles VIII of France in Lucca in 1509 by Emperor Maximilian, and then again in Florence, after Ruling of Leo X of 28.9.1513.

Seravezza Since then remained together at Florence, until the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, at that time underneath the Habsburg-Lorraine was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia with the plebiscite of 15 March 1860. From this union a lot of advantages and a partial autonomy derived in Seravezza, probably also in respect of the act of donation of the quarries of Ceragioli and Mt Altissimo that seravezzini made in Florence in 1513. It must be the Florentines

the momentum in the years following the excavation of the marbles, which were both concerned that Giorgio Vasari, Michelangelo and other famous sculptors of the time, sent to Seravezza by Leo X, Cosimo I, to follow the person to extract precisely the marbles they needed to realize their opere.Notevole increase was also given to the exploitation of silver mines in the vicinity of existing Seravezza, the Booty Call, which have the same Cosmo I was very interested, so chisel to make a tray, the proceeds from the first quantity of the precious mineral, the famous engraver Benvenuto Cellini.

In those years and for a long laboratories were once famous for the production of objects made of copper, iron and muskets, they manufactured in nearby Valventosa. After a period of abandonment of the quarries, which began around 1688, the economy recovered Seravezza when it was founded in 1821 by JB Alessander Henraux the homonymous company, under which the excavation and processing of marble resumed in full swing , so as to determine the growth of Seravezza to the point of being considered the capital of Versilia.

From artistic point of view, is the valuable Seravezza Cathedral, dedicated to the Patron Saints Lawrence and Barbara, covered by a dome and bell tower with mullioned windows dating back to 500, but rebuilt and modernized over the centuries XV and XVI and restored after the severe damage suffered during the Second World War, when in the final months, was also fought bitterly over the mountains of Seravezza.

The interior has three naves separated by columns, is full of altars, a pulpit in Baroque style in polychrome marble, a small baptismal font carved by Stagio Stage in sec. XVI, and an inlaid marble frontal 600, Iacopo Benti.Una
gilded silver cross in the middle of figures of saints, among them San Lorenzo, attributed to Pollaiuolo, engraved with the inscription of the year 1498 and is located in the sacristy, where there are other precious religious objects. In the cathedral are preserved in a glass coffin underneath an altar, the remains of S. Urchin martyr soldier of Rome.

Seravezza The other church, dedicated to the Santissima Annunziata, completely destroyed by the Germans along with all the homes and neighborhoods Smithy Bridge during the tragic summer of 1944, was rebuilt after the war. Shows a bas-relief in the frontal D. Benti with the Virgin and Child. Inside you can admire the canvas painted by Pietro da Cortona (Pietro Berrettini) in the first half of the seventeenth century, "The Holy Women at the Tomb", a gift of the Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II. The work was saved from destruction by Raphael Binelli, who was able to detach from the frame, along with the painting 'Annunciation, painted by Filippo di Luca Martelli from Massa in 1639 or so, before the church blow.

Particularly interesting is the Medici Palace, once known as Casino Ducale, built between 1555 and 1565, according to some architect B. Ammannati, others by Buontalenti, on the orders of Cosimo I, who lived there during the summer months attracted by the mild climate and because of Seravezza, both because they want to personally, the extraction of silver from nearby mines, the Booty Call. Even after the death of Cosimo I, the palace was always used as a summer residence of Grand Dukes of Tuscany, until in 1784 it was sold to the community of Seravezza, which, however, they have lost the wish of the Leopold I, who wanted Office Building and warehouses of the company for raising trout, with nurseries located near Ruosina.

The building consists of two wings that enclose the courtyard, advancing, after a series of works executed in the years 1970 and 1980, is now used for exhibitions and cultural events of great interest. For many years he was also the town hall. Seravezza was also famous for the purity of the waters of its rivers. Perhaps because it was carved in stone and placed over the well site in the Medici palace, he remembers, even today, 13 pounds of trout in 1603 was caught in the river of Ruosina by the Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Catherine Habsburg-Lorraine.

emerges among the works closer to us, the war memorial of the victorious World War 1915/1918, to the unbridled force that seems to give off the sculpture of the man Seravezza, while in its full nakedness, raised to the sky a mass of marble dug from the mountain. E 'admirable work also for the beauty and significance of his four bas-reliefs, but at the same time imposes on his masculine power.

The monument designed by sculptor and Camaiore Cornelius Palmerini, which opened on 19.5.1929, was completed after the death of Palmerini, in 1927, Arturo Dazzi.

Beautiful is the fountain located in the central square adorned with beautiful sculptures of children astride of marine fish, a work which still bears visible damage during the war of 1944/45. = ""

But by the dazzling splendor of its marbles, mixed with sea water and its remaining ancient mountains, where there was no extraction of marble, which increasingly need to be seduced by this Seravezza which certainly dazzled the eyes of those who first saw it when the sun had not yet blackened the white rocks and polychrome, check the sea expanses during the movement of divine formation of the earth's crust, in a blaze of lights reflected in the sky. Speaking of the hospital Seravezza I must say that already in 1515 the hospital is mentioned, including the existing church dedicated to St. Mary, then converted to the Church of Mercy. As regards assistance to the "old", or as we say now self-sufficient, and orphans, from the end of 1700 the founding of the Conservatoire by the cav. Ranieri Campana, larger work in 1772 and opened in 1794, eight years before the Count Francesco Campana, belonging to the same pious family, after having succeeded in combining the two foundations founded the hospital that has worked for 200 years Seravezza that is, until the entry into service in the plain vina Lido Camaiorene the new hospital called Versilia.

Seravezza gave birth to his father, Giovanni Lorenzo Berti, who was born in 1688, imperial theologian, university professor of Pisa and the author of several works: the writer Piarist father Francesco Donati, said Monk Cecco, who was a friend of Carducci, a knight who was Ambassador Luigi Angiolini government Toscano in Rome and in Paris, ended his career with his appointment as Councillor of State, the painter Joseph Viner, the writer and the professor Enrico Pea Dino Bigongiari for over 50 years was a professor at Columbia University in New York.

Among men of our time we must remember the writer Sirius Giannini, who died prematurely, the late senator and Mr Armando Angelini lawyer Leonetto Amadei even those deceased, who was an MP for several legislatures to become the President of the Constitutional Court. Voglio ricordare anche Lorenzo Tarabella che oltre ad essere stato un forte cavatore, fu anche un sensibile poeta e scrittore.

Seravezza ha un futuro. Stretta fra i monti che ne hanno impedito l'espansione, danneggiata gravemente dagli eventi bellici del 1944/1945, anche se si è sempre ripresa dalle gravi avversità grazie soprattutto al lavoro della sua gente, ha perso molti dei suoi primati che aveva verso la fine del 1800 e nei primi decenni del 1900 quando contava innumerevoli laboratori ed industrie Parallelamente alla escavazione e lavorazione dei marmi che rimane un fattore trainante della sua economia, Seravezza che dalla fine dell'anno 1975 si fregia del titolo di città concesso con decreto dell'allora Presidente della Repubblica, per il fatto di essere sommersa da un mare di verde , davvero un oasi, e con un clima fresco e mite, ha tutte le caratteristiche per divenire un luogo di riposo e villeggiatura, particolarmente interessante in quanto a poca distanza dalla marina di Forte dei Marmi e sotto i monti più belli del mondo. Sarebbe auspicabile che fossero costruite alcune strutture alberghiere e due gallerie per impedire la circolazione dei mezzi pesanti dentro il centro abitato. Una dovrebbe essere costruita sotto il monte Costa e l'altra sotto il monte di Ripa. La cittadina si presta per le sue caratteristiche ad un mercato permanente dell'antiquariato e dei prodotti artigianali di tutta la Versilia del fiume.


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